Category Archives: Allgemein

Matrix Multiplication in Clojure…

Clojure code for matrix multiplication (source: Rosetta Code) … short & smart…

(def mmul (fn [a b]
  (let [nested-for (fn [f x y] (map (fn [a] (map (fn [b] (f a b)) y)) x))
        transpose (fn [m] (apply map vector m))]
    (nested-for (fn [x y] (reduce + (map * x y))) a (transpose b)))))

(def ma [[1 2 3 4]
         [4 3 2 1]])

(def mb [[1]
         [2]
         [3]
         [4]])

(defn -main [& args]
  (println (mmul ma mb)))

Siemens IoT2000 and WinCC OA….

Got an IoT2040 from Siemens. It is Arduino compatible and runs on Yocto Linux. ETM managed to compile the SCADA System WinCC Open Architecture on it, additionally we used a MQTT server (mosquitto), Node-Red with MQTT, and a MQTT Driver for WinCC OA written in Java… runs well. Just connected a simple LED and a Button with Node-Red, those can now be controlled by WinCC OA. Because WinCC OA runs on it, it can be used to connect a wide range of different devices (a lot of drivers are available for WinCC OA).

Perfect as an Edge device to collect data from the field… Industrial IoT with Siemens!

Observing WinCC OA Logs with Elasticsearch and Logstash…

With Logstash we can collect the logs of WinCC OA systems and write it to Elasticsearch. Multiple WinCC OA system’s can be observed with a central log database…

With Kibana the logs can be easily discovered – I now see errors what i haven’t seen before in my system…

In parallel the log messages are written to Apache Kafka. With Apache Spark we can now observe the log streams and detect anomalies… a very simple observation could be to just simple count the amount of log messages per timeframe …

logstash

WinCC OA logstash configuration file: winccoa-logstash-conf

IoT with WinCC OA and Raspberry Pi (Demo at Cern)…

I had the opportunity to demonstrate an IoT prototype based on WinCC OA on a Raspberry Pi at Cern.

WinCC OA is running on the Raspberry Pi and it is sending values of a temperature sensor to my WinCC OA server at home over MQTT (Thanks to HiveMQ).

In that case just a simple average calculation is done with WinCC OA on the Raspberry, but many other things can be done with WinCC OA on the Raspberry – Edge Computing.

Additionally the server can send an action to the Raspberry to turn on/off a simple LED on the Raspberry. The Raspberry with WinCC OA is a tiny Cyber Physical System (CPS)…

Cern is using WinCC OA since 2000!

IoT with WinCC OA and Raspberry

Slides can be download from Cern: https://indico.cern.ch/event/524996/timetable/#20160609.detailed

SmartHome Presentation Cern

Streaming WinCC OA Events to Apache Kafka and Spark…

We connected a Event Data Logger, written in Java and connected to WinCC OA by JNI, to Apache Kafka, a A high-throughput distributed messaging system.

Apache Spark can read data from Apache Kafka streams. Apache Spark is a fast and general engine for large-scale data processing. Combine SQL, streaming, and complex analytics. Spark powers a stack of libraries including SQL and DataFrames, MLlib for machine learning, GraphX, and Spark Streaming. You can combine these libraries seamlessly in the same application.

WinCCOA-Kafka-Spark