Category Archives: WinCC Unified

WinCC Unified V18 exposed to the Internet…

This article will show how WinCC Unified can be accessed through a public available server in the internet.

Disclaimer: I only did this for testing and demo purposes!!!

First you need to have a public domain name and a public accessible host. Or a host running somewhere in the cloud and you will get a IP and/or an URL, which will point to your host. In my case I have a public IP address from my internet provider and my public sub domain name points to my server at home.

My registered public domain name is rocworks.at. Additionally I have used a sub-domain name unified.rocworks.at. Because I have multiple services running on my machine at home. With the subdomain the service can be easily be distinguished. At my internet provider I have configured a DDNS services, so that my subdomain unified.rocworks.at points to my IP at home. You can also use other DDNS services (noip.com) , also if you have a dynamic IP address.

If you have it running at home, then you have to setup a port forwarding from your modem to your web server IP at home.

At the WinCC Unified Runtime Host we have to change some settings in files, to set the right public URL for the identity provider (UMC). After doing this, you should reboot the computer.

Config.level (C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\config)

	[IdentityProvider]
	Url = "https://unified.rocworks.at/umc-sso/"
	
Web.config (C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\WebRH)

	<appSettings>
	    <add key="appvirtdir" value="/WebRH" />
	    <add key="origins" value="https://unified.rocworks.at" />
	  </appSettings>

Config.json (C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\SimaticUA)

        "dnsname": "unified.rocworks.at"

Umcd.cfg (C:\Program Files\Siemens\LocalUserManagement\etc)

	Search and replace hostnames

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Siemens\User Management\WebUI\Settings

        ipaddress = "https://unified.rocworks.at/umc-sso/"

Note: instead of "unified.rocworks.at" use your public domain name. 
    

At the web server at home I have NGINX running in a Docker Container together with Let’s Encrypt. With Let’s Encrypt and Certbot we can get valid Certificates for our Webserver. But that’s another story. Here is a docker-compose.yml file for NGINX and Let’s Encrypt:

version: '3'
services:
  nginx:
    image: nginx
    restart: unless-stopped
    ports:
      - 80:80
      - 443:443
    volumes:
      - ./data/www:/var/www
      - ./data/letsencrypt:/etc/letsencrypt
      - ./config:/etc/nginx/conf.d
       
    command: "/bin/sh -c 'while :; do sleep 6h & wait $${!}; nginx -s reload; done & nginx -g \"daemon off;\"'"

  certbot:
    image: certbot/certbot
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - ./data/www:/var/www
      - ./data/letsencrypt:/etc/letsencrypt
    entrypoint: "/bin/sh -c 'trap exit TERM; while :; date; do certbot renew --webroot -w /var/www/certbot; sleep 12h & wait $${1}; done;'"

Before you start with a new sub domain you have to initially get a certificate:

docker run --rm -ti -v $PWD/data/www:/var/www -v $PWD/data/letsencrypt:/etc/letsencrypt certbot/certbot certonly --webroot -w /var/www/certbot -d <your-public-domain-name> --email <your-email-address>

NGINX Configuration: default.conf :

server {
        listen 80;
        server_name unified.rocworks.at;
        location /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
            root /var/www/certbot;
        }
        location / {
            root /var/www/html;
        }
}

NGINX Configuration: unified.conf:

server {
        server_name unified.rocworks.at;

        root /var/www/html;
        index index.html index.htm;

        location / {
            proxy_pass https://<ip-of-wincc-unified-host>/;
            proxy_http_version 1.1;
            proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
            proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
            proxy_set_header Host $host;
            proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
        }

        location /umc-sso {
            proxy_pass https://<ip-of-wincc-unified-host>/umc-sso;
            proxy_http_version 1.1;
            proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
            proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
            proxy_set_header Host $host;
            proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
            proxy_buffer_size 128k;
            proxy_buffers 4 256k;
            proxy_busy_buffers_size 256k;
        }

        #location /graphql { # Optionally you can also publish GraphQL
        #    proxy_pass http://<ip-of-wincc-unified-host>:4000/graphql;
        #    proxy_http_version 1.1;
        #    proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        #    proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
        #    proxy_set_header Host $host;
        #    proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
        #}
        

        listen 443 ssl; # managed by Certbot
        ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/unified.rocworks.at/fullchain.pem; # managed by Certbot
        ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/unified.rocworks.at/privkey.pem; # managed by Certbot
        include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf; # managed by Certbot
        ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem; # managed by Certbot
}

GraphQL for Unity with WinCC Unified

In this post I will show how data from WinCC Unified V18 can be brought into Unity with the GraphQL for Unity Pro Asset.

First you need WinCC Unified V18 with the GraphQL Server. The GraphQL server comes out of the box with the new version and should be up and running automatically when you download and start your runtime. You should see a process “WCCILgraphQLServer.exe” in your task manager.

In Unity you have to create a project and download the GraphQL for Unity Pro Asset in the Package Manager.

  1. Prefab: Drag and drop the WinCC Unified Prefab from the Prefabs folder into your scene.
  2. Connection: In the properties you have to set your GraphQL Host, optionally the port, the path (typically /graphql), and if you want to have a secured TLS connection (HTTPS, WSS).
  3. Websocket: If you want to subscribe to tag value changes, then you have to open additionally a Websocket connection. Without the Websocket connection you can still read and write tag values, but a subscription to tag value changes is not possible.
  4. Authorization: Set the username and password to connect to WinCC Unified (at the time of writing, this user must have the role HMI Administrator).
  5. Logon: Check the “Logon” checkbox, if you want to start the connection at startup (you can also set this “on-demand” during runtime in your code.

Then you can already start the project in the editor to see if the connection can be established. If everything works fine, then the “Logged On” property turns to checked.

Now you can create your own C# script and read/write/subscribe tag values in an easy way in C# scripting. In that case I have simple added the script as additional component to the WinCC Unified GameObject (Prefab).

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;
using GraphQLWinccUnified;
using Newtonsoft.Json.Linq;

public class WinccUnified3 : MonoBehaviour
{
    private WinccUnified _connection;
    private bool _ready;

    // Start is called before the first frame update
    void Start()
    {
        _connection = GetComponent<WinccUnified>();
    }

    // Update is called once per frame
    async void Update()
    {
        if (!_ready && _connection.IsWebsocketReady()) 
        {
            _ready = true;

            // SubscribeTagValues
            _connection.SubscribeTagValues(
                new string[] { "HMI_String_1" }, 
                data => { Debug.Log(data.GetValue<string>()); });

            // WriteTagValues
            await _connection.WriteTagValues(
                new string[] { "HMI_String_1" },
                new JValue[] { new JValue("Hello World!") },
                new DateTime[] { DateTime.Now });

            // ReadTagValues
            var result = await _connection.ReadTagValues(
                new string[] { "HMI_String_1" });
            Debug.Log(result[0].GetValue<string>());
        }
    }
}

If you deal with with a self-signed certificate, then you must uncheck “Validate Certificate” at the “Graph QL Http” Component. But the Websocket connection in Unity does not yet support self-signed certificates. So, it is better to use an insecure connection. Typically the GraphQL port is 4000, so be sure to set the Port to 4000. And don’t forget to open the firewall for that port on the host where the Unified runtime is running.

WinCC Unified GraphQL Server for Data Integration

With the GraphQL Server in WinCC Unified V18 we can now integrate various (IT) data platforms with simple programs. Those programs can be written in Python, Java, Kotlin, Go, JavaScript, or whatever kind of programming language you prefer.

In my case I have used Kotlin to implement a simple Apache Kafka Consumer, which maps and writes values from my Home-Automation to the WinCC Unified SCADA system.

I can now use WinCC Unified for visualisation, even if I don’t have any PLC at home. WinCC Unified can be used as a Low- or No-Code platform to create fancy Web-Based visualisations with real-time values from any kind of data source.

WinCC Unified also has great alarming features. Alarm handling can be done in WinCC Unified and alerts could also be published back to the streaming platform with a producer.

I collect my Home-Automation values from a Raspberry Pi, which reads values from power meters, temperature sensors, or data via Bluetooth from my PV Converter. The values are published to a MQTT Broker. And from that MQTT Broker I bring my values to Apache Kafka and then to the WinCC Unified system.

With the GraphQL Server of WinCC Unified it would also be easily possible to implement an Apache Kafka Producer, so that values from PLC’s can easily be published to Apache Kafka, or any other data streaming platform.

From Apache Kafka I write my values to WinCC Unified and additionally to a CrateDB. CrateDB is a great NoSQL database with the power of SQL and it is highly scalable. It can be used for data analytics, machine learning, Grafana Dashboard, and more…

For sure you can also grab the data directly from the MQTT broker and bring it directly into WinCC Unified via the GraphQL Server without a streaming platform, but a streaming platform has additional benefits, which are not covered in this post…

Enable OPC UA Server in WinCC Unified

In the TIA Portal you have to enable “Operate as OPC Server” in the Runtime Settings of your project. Download and restart the runtime, and then the OPC UA Server is listening on opc.tcp://localhost:4890.

You need to have a user which has a role with the OPC-UA read and write access permission.

When you try to connect with a client the client will send the certificate to the server and typically the certificate is rejected by the server. To trust the certificate you have to move the certificate from the “Rejected” folder to the “Trusted” folder.

C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\bin\PKI\Rejected\certs

C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\bin\PKI\Trusted\certs

How to disable security in WinCC Unified OPC UA Server…

Caution! Don’t do this in a productive environment!

Add a security police “None” to the OPC UA configuration file.

On Windows you can find the file here: “C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\bin\OpcUaServerRTIL.xml”

<SecurityProfileUris>
<SecurityProfile>
<ProfileUri>http://opcfoundation.org/UA/SecurityPolicy#None</ProfileUri>
<Enabled>true</Enabled>
</SecurityProfile>
...
</SecurityProfileUris>

How to view remote traces with RTILtraceViewer from a SIMATIC HMI Unified Comfort Panel…

First you have to enable the Trace forwareder on the panel

Then you have to start a tool on the host where you have installed TIA with Unified (change IP to your Panel IP):

"c:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\bin\RTILtraceTool.exe" -mode receiver -host 192.168.210.128 -tcp

Then you can start the trace viewer on the PC:

"C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\bin\RTILtraceViewer.exe"

IIS Reverse Proxy Configuration

If you need to add a reverse proxy to your Internet Information Server (IIS) you can just add a rule to your site configuration file. In the following example we add a reverse proxy (url rewrite) for a GraphQL Server to our WinCC Unified WebRH. Afterwards restart the site with the IIS services manager.

IIS Configuration File: 
"C:\Program Files\Siemens\Automation\WinCCUnified\SimaticUA\web.config"

<configuration>
  <system.webServer>
    <rewrite>
      <outboundRules>
        <rule name="Remove Server header">
          <match serverVariable="RESPONSE_Server" pattern=".+" />
          <action type="Rewrite" value="" />
        </rule>
      </outboundRules>
            <rules>
                <rule name="Reverse Proxy to GraphQL" stopProcessing="true">
                  <match url="^graphql" />
                  <action type="Rewrite" url="http://localhost:4000/graphql" />
                </rule>      
               
                <rule name="UMC SSO Static">
                    <match url="(.*)" />
                    <conditions>
                        <add input="{URL}" pattern="(.*)\/umc-sso(.*)" />
                    </conditions>
                    <serverVariables>
                        <set name="HTTP_COOKIE" value="{HTTP_COOKIE};ReverseProxyHost={HTTP_HOST};ReverseProxyPort={SERVER_PORT}" />
                    </serverVariables>
                    <action type="Rewrite" url="http://localhost:8443/umc-sso{C:2}" />
                </rule>  
            </rules>
    </rewrite>
...

More examples for rewrite rules

<rewrite>
    <rules>
        <rule name="Reverse Proxy to webmail" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^webmail/(.*)" />
            <action type="Rewrite" url="http://localhost:8081/{R:1}" />
        </rule>
        <rule name="Reverse Proxy to payroll" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^payroll/(.*)" />
            <action type="Rewrite" url="http://localhost:8082/{R:1}" />
        </rule>
    </rules>
</rewrite>

Restart site with “Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager”